Granada is not just famous for its beauty, but also because in this city many people – who signed the history of Spain- were born: musicians, artists, writers and so on. Here you can find some of them.
– Mariana Pineda (Granada, 1804- Granada, 1831). She is known to be a liberal of the XIX century who was accused of conspiracy. Pineda refused to abandon her principles and, as a consequence, she was sentenced to death.
– Eugenia de Montijo o María Eugenia Palafox Portocarrero y KirkPatrick (Granada, 1826-Madrid, 1920). She has been bride of Napoleón III and spouse queen of France.
– Federico García Lorca (Granada, 1898- Granada, 1936). Probably he is the most famous granadin of the history of Spain. He took part to the Generation of ’27, and he is considered the most representative poet and playwright of the Spanish literature. The same Lorca was killed at the beginning of the Civil War, leaving his work undone.
– Manuel de Falla (Cádiz, 1876- Argentina, 1946). One of the most important composer of the XX century. De Falla was born in Cadiz, but he moved to Granada where he began to take part in many cultural activities with Federico García Lorca. During the Civil War he was forced to move to Argentina, where he will die some years later.
–Ángel Ganivet (Granada,1865 -Riga, 1898). He is a granadian writer of the Generation of ’98. Most of his fame is because of his work “Idearium español” – a book strictly connected to the modern ideology in Spain.
– Enrique Morente ( Granada, 1942 – Madrid, 2010). One of the masters of flamenco from Granada. Indeed with a wide discography of clasic flamenco , he also presented a rennovative purpose within this genre. For this reason, in 1994 he received the National Prize of Music, becoming a model for many new talents of flamenco.
–Fray Luis de Granada (Granada, 1504 – Lisboa, 1581). The same year in which Isabel la Católica died, and in the same city she was buried, it was born one of the most representative spiritual masters of the Spanish Reform.
– Rafael Guillén (Granada, 1933). He is one of the poets of the Generation of ’50. In 1994 he also received the National Prize of Literature of Spain thanks to his artistic perspective, but also because he helped to recover all that culture which had been distroyed during the Civil War.
– Elena Martín Vivaldi (Granada, 1907-Granada, 1998). A Spanish poet who, from a chronological point of view, is contemporary of the authors from the Generation of ’27 even if she starts to professionally write some years later. Her poetry is characterized by a melancholic tone tone and a romanticism that brings back to Bécquer. Elena Martín Vivaldi described an Andalucia that is strictly connected to the poetic vision of Juan Ramón Jiménez, Salinas and the same Bécquer.
– Pedro Antonio Joaquín Melitón de Alarcón y Ariza (Guadix, 1833-Madrid, 1891) . He is a novelist who took part to the movement of Realism. The author presented a deep ideological life, moving from liberal principles to traditional ones. His most important rennovation is the passage from “costumbrismo” to “realistic prose”.