Granada is famous for its relationship with Muslim culture. A specific dynasty ruled over Granada for many years. The latter is the well-known Nazari dynasty. It was the last Muslim dynasty to rule the Kingdom of Granada from 1238 to 2 January 1492.
There were as many as 20 Muslim sultans in Granada, the last of which was named Boabdil. The sultan in question was known as ‘the young king’. He refused to pay the tribute imposed by the Crown of Castile against the Kingdom of Granada. This gesture was detrimental to the survival of the kingdom of Granada, because Queen Isabella I of Castile decided to go to war with the Nasrid kingdom. Together with the ongoing civil war, this facilitated the subsequent Christian reconquest.
The territorial and administrative organisation of the Muslim kingdom was carried out through the tahas. The latter were the administrative districts into which the kingdom was divided.
It was during the reign of this dynasty that the palace of the Alhambra was built, considered to be the greatest exponent of Nazari art and one of the jewels of Muslim art of all time.
The Nazari dynasty descended from the Arab tribe of Banu Khazraj, claiming a direct male lineage from Sa’d ibn Ubadah, leader of the tribe and one of the companions of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. The Nasab of Yusuf (nicknamed ‘al-Ahmar’, i.e. ‘the Red’). The Muslim dynasty created Al – Andalus, the name the Arabs gave to the Iberian Peninsula during the Middle Ages. According to medieval Arab authors, Al-Andalus grouped all areas conquered by Arab-Muslim troops.