In order to correctly express actions and describe events at different times, it is essential to know how to use verb tenses correctly in Spanish. This article delves into the importance of verb tenses in Spanish, offering an introductory guide for students. Learning these concepts is essential for effective communication in Spanish, or we at iNMSOL offer resources and courses created to help you in this process.

tiempos verbales español

1. Present: the use and the differences.

The present tense in Spanish is used to express habitual actions and states. However, it can also be used to talk about future actions or to narrate past events, using what is called the “historical present.” This flexibleá makes the present a dynamic and essential verbal tense in everyday communication.

2. The past: past simple and  imperfecto

One of the most important distinctions in verb tenses in Spanish is that between pretérito and imperfecto. While the pretérito is used to talk about actions that were completed and concluded in the past, the imperfect describes actions that were habitual or were being performed in the past. Understanding the difference between these two tenses is crucial to accurately describe past events and situations.

3. Future and conditional: expressing probability and possibility

In addition to its function to talk about events in the future, the future tense in Spanish is often used to express suppositions and conjectures about the present. Similarly, the conditional is used to talk about hypothetical possibilities or situations, both in the present and in the future.

4. Subjuntivo: expressing desires, doubts and emotions

The subjunctive is a fundamental verb in Spanish, used to express desires, doubts, emotions and hypothetical or non-real situations. Despite its complexity, the subjunctive is fundamental for communicating moods and assumptions.

5. Imperative: orders and requests

The imperative is used to give orders, advice or make requests. In Spanish, the form of the imperative changes depending on the person to whom it is directed, making it unique from other verb tenses.


Why is the correct use of verb tenses in Spanish so important?

It is crucial to accurately communicate when actions happen, as well as related attitudes and emotions.

What is the biggest challenge when learning verb tenses in Spanish?

Many students find it difficult to understand the difference between the imperfect and the preferred, as well as the correct use of the subjunctive.

How can the domain of verb tenses be improved?

Constant practice, use of educational resources such as those offered by iNMSOL and immersion in real-world situations are the best ways to improve.


Mastering verb tenses in Spanish opens up a world of possibilities for expressing oneself with clarity and precision. This skill is essential not only in everyday communication, but also in enjoying the literature of professional opportunities. Practice, patience and the use of quality educational resources such as our courses are essential to achieve a good level of understanding of the essentials of the language. With commitment and dedication, students will overcome challenges and enjoy the richness and beauty of the Spanish language.

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