USEFUL VOCABULARY IN ORDER TO DESCRIBE THE HUMAN BEING, AT THE DOCTOR,  AT THE DRUGSTORE / HOSPITAL, HAVING SHOPPING, THE FOOD AND AT THE RESTAURANT:

The human being:

1.Describing people according to their physical appearance and character.
2.Asking and responding about age.
3. feelings
4.body parts
5.the face
6.the hair
7.the five senses


1.Physical and psychological description of a person:

Phisical description:

  • Alto/a  =Tall
  • Guapo/a =Handsome/Beautiful
  • Atractivo/a = Attractive
  • Gordo/a = Fat
  • Bajo/a = Short
  • Viejo/a = Old
  • Joven =Young
  • Grande = Big


Description of the character:

  • Ahorrativo = Thrifty
  • Egoísta = Selfish
  • Amable = Friendly
  • Feliz = Happy
  • Ambicioso/a = Ambitious
  • Generoso = Generous
  • Antipático/a = Unpleasant
  • Hablador / habladora = Talkative
  • Seguro/a de sí mismo = Self-secure
  • Impulsivo/a = Impulsive
  • Sonriente = Smiling
  • Tacaño/a = Mean
  • Soñador/ora =Dreamer
  • Tímido/a = Timid
  • Sensato /sensata = Sensible
  • Trabajador/ora = Hard-working
  • Inteligente = Intelligent
  • Prudente = Cautious
  • Malhumorado/a = Bad-tempered
  • Mentiroso/a = Liar
  • Puntual = Timely
  • Valiente = Brave
  • Presumido/a = Vain
  • Orgulloso/a = Proud

2.Age:

  •  ¿Cuántos años tienes? Tengo 25 años. = How old are you? I’m 25 years old.
  •  ¿Cuál es tu edad? Tengo 27 años ¿ y tú? = What’s your age? I’m 27, and you?
  •  ¿Cuándo naciste? En 1975. = When were you born? In 1975.
  •  ¿Cuándo es tu cumpleaños? El 4 de enero de 1980. = When is your birthday? January fourth, 1980.
  •  ¿En qué año naciste? En el 80.= In what year were you born? In 1980.

 

3. Feelings:

  • Alegría = Happiness
  • Tristeza = Sadness
  • Amor =Love
  • Felicidad =Happiness
  • aburrirse= to be boared

4. Body parts:

  • La cabeza = Head
  • El hombro = Shoulder
  • El cuello = Neck
  • El codo = Elbow
  • El brazo = Arm
  • La mano = Hand
  • La pierna = Leg
  • El dedo = Finger
  • El tobillo = Ankle
  • El pie = Foot
  • Los dedos del pie = Toes

5. The face:

  • Las pestañas = Eyelashes
  • La frente = Forehead
  • La nariz = Nose
  • El ojo = Eye
  • La boca = Mouth
  • Las cejas = Eyebrows
  • Los labios = Lips

6. The hair:

  • Largo = Long
  • Corto = Short
  • Rizado = Curly
  • Liso = Straight
  • Moreno = Dark-haired
  • Castaño = Brown-haired
  • Rubio = Blond
  • Pelirrojo = Read-haired

7. The five senses:

  • La vista = Sight
  • El oído = Hearing
  • El olfato = Smell
  • El gusto = Taste
  • El tacto = Touch


EXAMPLES OF HOW THIS VOCABULARY CAN BE USED:

Carla is a student of medicine. She’s twenty-two years old. She’s been in Madrid for four months. Carla is a very pretty girl. She has blue eyes and dark, curly hair. Carla is always happy. She’s a young dreamer and worker. She’s saving money to make a trip throughout all of Spain. Her friends say she’s kind, sociable and pleasant.
–> Carla es una estudiante de medicina. Tiene veintidós años. Lleva cuatro meses en Madrid. Carla es una chica muy guapa. Tiene los ojos azules, es morena y su pelo es rizado. Carla siempre está contenta. Es una joven soñadora y trabajadora. Está ahorrando dinero para hacer un viaje por toda España. Sus amigos dicen que es amable, sociable y simpática.

Pablo is older than Carla. He’s an attractive boy. He’s blond and wears his hair very short. His eyes are big, blue and he has long eyelashes. Pablo is vain. He takes great care in his appearance and always arrives late. Pablo loves fashion and soccer. His mother says that he looks like his favorite player, David Beckham. He smiles and talks often but he’s proud with his friends
–>Pablo es mayor que Carla. Es un chico atractivo. Es rubio y lleva el pelo muy corto. Sus ojos son grandes, azules y tiene largas pestañas. Pablo es presumido. Se arregla mucho y siempre llega tarde. A Pablo le encanta la moda y el fútbol. Su madre dice que se parece a su jugador favorito, David Beckham. Es un chico sonriente y hablador pero es orgulloso con sus amigos.

——————-
At the doctor:

Introduction: Acquiring the necessary vocabulary for a doctor’s visit.

1.General vocabulary
2.Specialists
3.Mood states:sensations and trouble
4.scheduling a doctor’s appointment
5.describing where we feel pain
6. Carlo goes to the doctor

1.General vocabulary:

  • Alergia = Allergy
  • Recetas,volante = Prescription
  • Hospital = Hospital
  • Medicamento,medicina = Medication, medicine
  • Centro de Salud/Ambulatorio = Out-patient clinic
  • Farmacia = Pharmacy
  • Urgencias = Emergency center
  • Paracetamol = Paracetamol
  • Tirita = Bandaid
  • Farmacia de guardia = Pharmacies that are open on Sundays and national holidays
2.Specialists vocabulary:
  • Forense = Forensic
  • Gynaecology = Gynaecologist
  • Médico de cabecera = General practitioner
  • Dermatólogo = Dermatologist
  • Neurólogo = Neurologist
  • Rehabilitación = Rehabilitation
  • Oftalmólogo = Ophthalmologist
  • Radiólogo = Radiologist
  • Dentista = Dentist
  • Geriátric = Geriatric
  • Cirugía = Surgery
  • Cirugía estética = Cosmetic surgery
  • Otorrino = Ear, nose and throat specialist
3. Sensations and troubles:
  • Ansiedad, angustia = Anxiety
  • Tos = Cough
  • Siento escalofríos = I shiver
  • Dolor de barriga = estómago Stomach ache
  • Picor = Stinging sensation
  • Dolor de cabeza = Head ache
  • Estado anímico = mood state
  • Cansancio = Tiredness
  • Estoy muy desanimado = I’m feeling down
  • Tengo un malestar general = I feel badly in general

4. Scheduling a doctor’s appointment:

  • Me gustaría pedir una cita /hora con el doctor. = I would like to request an appointment with the doctor.
  • ¿Cuándo le va bien? ¿Por la mañana o por la tarde? = When is a good time for you? In the morning or the afternoon?
  • ¿A qué hora prefiere? = What time would you prefer?
  • El martes a las doce. = Tuesday at twelve.
  • El miércoles por la tarde.= Wednesday afternoon.
  • A primera hora de la mañana.= First thing in the morning.
  • A última hora de la tarde.= Late afternoon.
  • Hasta el jueves no puedo darle una cita.= I can’t make an appointment for you until Thursday.


5. In the doctor’s office: describing where we feel pain 

  • ¿Qué le ocurre? = What’s wrong with you
  • ¿Qué le duele? = What hurts?
  • ¿Qué síntomas tiene? = What symptoms do you have?
  • Me duele la cabeza, el estómago, la barriga.= My head, stomach, belly hurts.
  • Tengo un fuerte dolor en el pecho. = I have strong pain in my chest.
  • He tenido un accidente y me duele la pierna izquierda. = I had an accident and my left leg hurts.
  • Me he roto el brazo.= I broke my arm.
  • Tengo tos.= I have a cough.
  • Toso mucho. = I cough a lot.
  • Estoy resfriado.= I have a cold.
  • Tengo fiebre.= I have a fever.

6. Dialogue: Carlos goes to the doctor because of a cold. 

Médico: Buenos días ¿Qué le ocurre?
Doctor: Good day. What’s wrong with you?

Carlos : Creo que me he resfriado.
Carlos: I think I have a cold.

Médico: ¿Qué síntomas tiene?
Doctor: What symptoms do you have?

Carlos: Vera doctor, me siento mal, tengo frío, me duele la cabeza…
Well doctor, I feel bad, I’m cold, I have a headache…

Médico: ¿Tiene tos?
Doctor: Do you have a cough?

Carlos: Sí doctor.
Carlos: Yes doctor.

Médico: ¿y tiene fiebre?
Doctor: And do you have a fever?

Carlos : Esta mañana me he puesto el termómetro y tenía 38´5º.
Carlos: This morning I took my temperature and the thermometer read 38.5º.

Médico: Bien… Le voy a recetar estas pastillas para que baje la fiebre y este jarabe para la tos. Tómese una pastilla cada ocho horas.
Doctor: Ok… I’m going to prescribe these pills so that your fever goes down and this syrup for the cough. Take one pill every eight hours.

Carlos: ¿Y el jarabe?
Carlos: And the syrup?

Médico: Tres veces al día, después de cada comida.
Doctor: Three times a day, after each meal.

Carlos : Gracias doctor.
Carlos: Thanks doctor.

Médico: En una semana se encontrará bien. Que se mejore, Carlos.
Doctor: In a week you’ll feel fine. I hope you feel better, Carlos.
———————-

At the drugstore// Hospital:

  • Agua oxigenada = Hydrogen
  • Agujas y jeringuillas de un solo uso = Disposable hypodermic needles and syringes
  • Alcohol = Alcohol
  • Algodón hidrófilo = Cotton wool (U.K.) ; Absorbent cotton (USA)
  • Alimentos dietéticos = Diet food
  • Alimentos infantiles = Feeding of children
  • Analgésico = Painkiller
  • Análisis = Analysis
  • Análisis de sangre = Blood test
  • Antiarrugas = Anti-wrinkle
  • Antibiótico = Antibiotic
  • Anticatarro = Anti-catarrh
  • Antídoto = Antidote (for/to)
  • Antifebril = Anti-fever
  • Antigripal (vacuna) = Flu vaccine
  • Antiinflamatorio = Anti-inflammatory
  • Antiparasitario = Antiparasitic
  • Antiséptico = Antiseptic
  • Apósito, vendaje = Medicazione / Bendaggio
  • Automedicarse = Automedicarsi
  • Biberón = Biberon
  • Calmante , sedante = Calmante / Sedante
  • Cepillo de dientes= Spazzolino
  • Champú anticaspa = Shampoo anticrespo
  • Chupete = ciuccio
  • Complejo vitamínico = Vitamine concentrate
  • Paño higienico = Sanitary towel (U.K.); Sanitary napkin (USA)
  • Crema anticelulitica = anti-cellulite cream
  • Crema bronceadora = Suntan lotion, suntan cream
  • Crema de belleza = Beauty cream
  • Crema de día = Day cream
  • Crema de noche = Night cream
  • Crema hipoalergénica = Hypoallergenic cream
  • Depurativo = Blood purification tonic
  • Desinfectante = Disinfectant
  • Enjuague bucal = Mouthwash
  • Estanterias = Shelves
  • Expectorante = Cough medicine
  • Farmacéutico/a = Chemist (U.K.) ; Druggist (USA) ; Pharmacist (uso formal)
  • Farmacia (ciencia) = Pharmacy
  • Farmacia (tienda) = Chemist’s (U.K.) ; Drugstore (USA)
  • Farmacia de guardia = All-night chemist’s
  • Fármaco , medicina, medicamento = Drug , medicine
  • Gasa = Gauze , lint
  • Gasa esterilizada = Sterile gauze dressing
  • Inyección = Injection
  • Jarabe (medicina) = Syrup / medicine
  • Jarabe para la tos = Cough syrup; Cough Mixture
  • Laboratorio = Laboratory
  • Laxante = Laxative
  • Medicinar = To give medicine to
  • Mostrador = Counter
  • Ortopedia = Orthopaedics (U.K.) ; Orthopedics (USA)
  • Paciente = Patient
  • Pañal desechable = Disposable nappy (U.K.) / Disposable diaper (U.S.)
  • Paquete de primeros auxilios = First aid kit
  • Pasta dental = Toothpaste
  • Pastilla = Tablet ; Pill
  • Pastilla para la tos = Cough drop
  • Pastillas de vitaminas = Vitamin pill/ Vitamin tablet
  • Peso = Scales
  • Pildora anticonceptiva = Contraceptive pill / “The pill”
  • Pinzas = Forceps / Tweezers
  • Polvos de talco = Talcum powder
  • Pomada = Ointment
  • Preservativo = Condom ; Contraceptive sheath
  • Protección solar = Sun protection cream
  • Prueba de embarazo = Pregnancy test
  • Seda dental = Dental floss
  • Termómetro = Thermometer
  • Tijeras = Scissors
  • Tranquilizante = Tranquillizer (U.K.) ; Tranquilliser (USA)
  • Tratamiento = Treatment
  • Tubo de pomada = Tube of ointment
  • Vacuna = Vaccine
  • Venda de gasa = Bandage
  • Vitrina = Glass case , showcase

Useful sentences:

May I help you? = ¿Puedo ayudarlo?
I would like something for a sunburn ( a cold, a fever, an indigestion, a headhache) = Quisiera algo para una quemadura ( un resfriado, fiebre, una indigestión, un dolor de cabeza)
Could I have some sleeping pills? = ¿Podría tener pastillas para dormir?
May I have a bottle of vitamin C? = ¿Podría tener una botella de vitamina C?
I would like some aspirins and a laxative = Quisiera algunas aspirinas y un laxante
Do you want a large or small bottle (package, box, tube)? = ¿Quiere Ud. un frasco grande o chico (paquete, caja, pomo)?
Quiero un pomo de crema de afeitar (dentífrico) por favor = I want a tube of shaving cream (toothpaste) please
Do you have some painkillers? = ¿Tiene algunos calmantes?
Do I need a prescription for this medicine? = ¿Necesito una receta médica para este remedio?
I would like a box of cough drops = Quisiera una cajita de pastillas para la tos
Here you are. That’ll be $12.50 = Aquí tiene Ud. Eso suma $12.50
——————–

To go shopping:

1.Clothes
2.Size
3.Footwear
4.Material
5.Colors

1.Clothes:

  • Abrigo = anorak    Coat
  • Bañador= Swimsuit
  • Bufanda    = Scarf
  • Camisa = Shirt
  • Camisón    = Nightgown
  • Cinturón = Belt
  • Chaqueta = Jacket
  • Falda, minifald = Skirt, miniskirt
  • Gorro = Cap
  • Pantalones =Pants
  • Pijama = Pyjamas
  • Vestido    = Dress
  • Llevar puesto = To Wear
  • Me queda bien =    It looks good on me
  • Demasiado ancho, largo, corto….    = Too wide, long, short
  • Grande = Big
  • Barato = Cheap
  • Gastar = To spend
  • Tienda = Store
  • Bata / batín (men) = Bathrobe
  • Bikini = Bikini
  • Botón =    Button
  • Calcetín = Sock
  • Camiseta = T-shirt
  • Corbata    = Necktie
  • Cremallera = Zipper
  • Chaquetón = Short coat
  • Gabardina = Raincoat
  • Jersey = Sweater
  • Pañuelo    = Handkerchief
  • Traje =    Suit
  • Vestir = To Dress
  • Me sienta bien = I like the way it feels
  • Me va grande = It’s big on me
  • Pequeño    = Small
  • Caro = Expensive
  • Costar = To cost
  • Pagar =    To pay
  • Ciente = Customer

2.Sizes:

  • pequeña = small
  • mediana = medium
  • grande = large
  • extra grande = extra large

3.Footwear:

  • hancla = slipper
  • chancleta = flip-flop
  • Zapatos = Shoes
  • Zapato de tacón = High-heels
  • Zapatillas/Deportivas = Tennis shoes
  • bota = boot
  • sandalia = sandal
  • zapato plano = comfortable shoes

4. Colours:

  • Blanco  =  White
  • Rojo =   Red
  • Violeta  = Purple
  • Azul  =  Blue
  • Negro =   Black
  • Rosa =  Pink
  • Amarillo = Yellow
  • Verde  =  Green
  • Marrón =  Brown
  • Naranja   = Orange
  • Gris  =  Grey

5.Material:

  • algodón =cotton
  • lana = wool
  • lino = linen
  • Nailon = nylon
  • seda = silk
  • de lunares =  pois
  • de rayas = striped
  • de cuadros = checked
  • Estampado de flores = flowery dress

Frequently asked questions about Shopping:

¿Lo tiene en negro? = Do you have it in black?
Prefiero algo de algodón. =I prefer something made of cotton.
Me queda bien. = It fits well.
Me lo llevo. = I’ll take it.
¿Tiene…? = Do you have…?
¿Puedo probármelo? = Can I try it on?
Quería hacer una devolución. = I would like to return this.
¿Puedo ayudarle? ¿Qué deseaba? = Can I help you? What do you need?
Quisiera comprar… = I would like to buy…
¿Algo más? =Anything else?
¿Eso es todo? = Is that all?
¿Cuánto cuesta? =How much does it cost?
¿Cuánto (le) debo? = How much do I owe you?
No me gusta el color; la tela. = I don’t like the color; the fabric.
———-
Food:

1.Food in general:
2.Milk and by-products:
3.Meat
4.Legumes and dry fruit:
5.Fruit
6.Cereals
7.Fish
8.Oils
9.Vegetables
10.Seasoning and spices
11. Elaborated Products
12. Desserts

1.Food in general:

  • Alimentación = Feeding; food
  • Almorzar = To have lunch
  • Almuerzo = Lunch
  • Apetito = Appetite
  • Asar = To roast
  • Asar a la parrilla = To grill (U.K.) ; To broil (USA)
  • Calentar = To heat
  • Cantina = Canteen
  • Carta de vinos = Wine list
  • Casa de comidas = Cafe (U.K.); diner (USA)
  • Cena =  Dinner ; Supper
  • Cenar = To have dinner
  • Cocer al horno = To bake
  • Cocinar ; Cocer = To cook
  • Comedor = Dining room
  • Comer = To eat
  • Cortar =To cut; to chop
  • Desayunar = To have breakfast
  • Desayuno = Breakfast
  • Descongelar = To defrost
  • Entremés = Hors d’oeuvre
  • Estofar ; Guisar = To stew
  • Freír = To fry
  • Glotonería = Gluttony
  • Hambre = Hunger
  • Hervir =To boil
  • Hora de cenar =Dinnertime
  • Hora del almuerzo/de la comida = Lunchtime
  • Libro de cocina = Cookbook
  • Merienda = Afternoon tea
  • Merienda cena = High tea
  • Nutrición = Nutrition
  • Plato fuerte = Main course
  • Poner la mesa = To lay the table
  • Postre =  Sweet ; Dessert
  • Preparar la comida =To make lunch
  • Quitar la mesa = To clear the table
  • Servir = To serve
  • Servir la mesa = To wait at table
  • Sopa = Soup
  • Tener hambre = To be hungry
  • Tener sed = to be thirsty
  • Tentempié = Snack

2.Milk and by-products:

  • Cuajada = Curd
  • Huevos = Eggs
  • Lácteo = Milky ; Lacteous
  • Leche = Milk
  • Leche completa (entera) =  Full-cream milk ; Whole milk
  • Leche condensada = Condensed milk
  • Leche cuajada = Curdled milk
  • Leche desnatada = Skim milk ; Skimmed milk
  • Leche en polvo = Powdered milk
  • Leche evaporada = Evaporated milk
  • Leche semidesnatada = Semi-skimmed milk
  • Mantequilla = Butter
  • Nata = Fresh cream
  • Queso = Cheese
  • Queso bola = Edam
  • Queso de oveja = Sheep’s cheese
  • Queso de untar = Cheese spread
  • Queso manchego = Sheep’s milk cheese made in “La Mancha”
  • Queso parmesano = Parmesan cheese
  • Requesón = Cottage cheese
  • Yogur = Yoghurt
  • Yogur desnatado = Low-fat yoghurt

3.Meat:

  • Beicon = Bacon
  • Carne = Meat
  • Carne blanca  = White meat
  • Carne bovina = Beef
  • Carne de carnero = Mutton
  • Carne de cerdo = Pork
  • Carne de cordero =  Lamb
  • Carne de gallina = Chicken
  • Carne de ternera = Veal
  • Carne de venado = Venison
  • Carne magra = Lean meat
  • Carne picada = Mince ; Ground meat
  • Carne roja = Red meat
  • Chorizo = Hard pork sausage
  • Codorniz = Quail
  • Costilla = Cutlet
  • Embutido = Sausage
  • Fiambre = Cold ; Served cold
  • Higado = Liver
  • Jamón = Ham
  • Jamón dulce ; Jamón cocido ; Jamón York = Boiled ham
  • Jamón serrano = Parma ham
  • Mortadela = Mortadella
  • Pato = Duck
  • Pavo =Turkey
  • Perdiz = Partridge
  • Pollo = Chicken
  • Salami = Salami
  • Salchicha = Sausage
  • Salchichón = Salami type sausage

4.Legumes and dry fruit:

  • Almendra = Almond
  • Alubia ; Habichuela = Kidney bean
  • Avellana = Hazelnut
  • Cacahuete = Peanut
  • Castaña = Chestnut
  • Frutos secos = Dry fruits, nuts
  • Garbanzos = Chickpeas
  • Guisantes secos = Dried peas
  • Habas secas = Dried broad beans
  • Higo seco = Dried fig
  • Kiko = Toasted maize
  • Legumbres  = Legume
  • Legumbres secas = Dried legumes
  • Lenteja = Lentil
  • Nuez de Brasil = Brazil nut
  • Nuez de nogal = Walnut
  • Pasa = Raisin
  • Pasa de Corinto = Currant
  • Pipa = Sunflower seed
  • Pistacho = Pistachio

5. Fruit:

  • Aguacate = Avocado
  • Albericoque = Apricot
  • Arándano = Bilberry
  • Caqui = Persimmon
  • Cereza = Cherry
  • Ciruela = Plum
  • Dátil =Date
  • Frambuesa =Raspberry
  • Fresa = Strawberry
  • Granada = Pomegranate
  • Grosella = Currant
  • Grosella negra = Black currant
  • Higo = Fig
  • Higo chumbo = Prickly pear
  • Kiwi = Kiwi fruit
  • Limón = Lemon
  • Mandarina = Tangerin
  • Mango = Mango
  • Manzana = Apple
  • Melocotón = Peach
  • Melón = Melon
  • Membrillo = Quince
  • Mora = Mulberry
  • Naranja = Orange
  • Nectarina = Nectarine
  • Níspero = Medlar
  • Papaya = Papaya ; Pawpaw
  • Pera = Pear
  • Piña = Pineapple
  • Plátano = Banana
  • Pomelo = Grapefruit
  • Sandia = Watermelon
  • Uva = Grape
  • Zarzamora = Blackberry

6.Cereals:

  • Arroz = Rice
  • Avena = Oats
  • Canelones = Cannelloni
  • Centeno = Rye
  • Cereales = Cereals
  • Espaguetis = Spaghetti
  • Fideo = Noodle
  • Harina = Flour
  • Harina de arroz = Ground rice
  • Harina de avena = Oatmeal
  • Harina de maíz = Corn flour
  • Harina de trigo = Wheat meal
  • Harina integral = Wholemeal flour
  • Macarrones = Macaroni
  • Pan = Bread
  • Pan blanco = White bread
  • Pan casero = Homemade bread
  • Pan de centeno = Rye Bread
  • Pan de molde = Thin-crusted bread
  • Pan duro = Stale bread
  • Pan moreno = Brown bread
  • Pan rallado = Breadcrumbs
  • Pan tierno = Fresh bread
  • Pan tostado = Toast
  • Pasta = Pasta
  • Trigo = Wheat

7. Fish:

  • Abadejo = Cod
  • Almeja = Clam
  • Anchoa = Anchovy
  • Arenque = Herring
  • Arenque ahumado = Kipper
  • Atún = Tuna (fish)
  • Bacalao = Cod
  • Besugo = Sea bream
  • Bonito = Tuna ; Bonito
  • Boquerón = Fresh anchovy
  • Caballa = Mackerel
  • Calamar = Squid
  • Cangrejo de mar = Crab
  • Cangrejo de rio = Crayfish
  • Caracol = Winkle
  • Centollo = Spider crab
  • Cigalas = Dublin Bay prawn
  • Dorada = Gilthead
  • Gamba = Prawn
  • Langosta ; Bogavante = Lobster
  • Langostino = Prawn
  • Lenguado = Sole
  • Lubina = Sea bass
  • Marisco = Shellfish ; Seafood
  • Mejillones = Mussel
  • Merluza = Hake
  • Mero = Grouper
  • Necora = Small crab
  • Ostras = Oysters
  • Percebe = Barnacle
  • Pescadilla = Whiting ; Small hake
  • Pescado = Fish
  • Pulpo = Octopus
  • Rape = Angler fish
  • Rodaballo =Turbot
  • Salmón = Salmon
  • Salmonete = Red mullet
  • Sardina = Sardine
  • Trucha = Trout

 8.Oils:

  • Aceite = Oil
  • Aceite de girasol = Sunflower oil
  • Aceite de maiz = Corn oil
  • Aceite de oliva = Olive oil
  • Aceite de oliva refinado = Refined olive oil
  • Aceite de oliva virgen = Virgin olive oil
  • Aceite de soja = Soya oil
  • Aceite vegetal = Vegetable oil
  • Grasa = Fat
  • Manteca de cacahuete = Peanut butter
  • Manteca de cacao = Cocoa butter
  • Manteca de cerdo = Lard
  • Manteca vegetal = Vegetable fat
  • Mantequilla = Butter
  • Margarina = Margarine

9.Vegetables:

  • Ajo = Garlic
  • Alcachofa = Artichoke
  • Apio = Celery
  • Batata ; Moniato = Sweet potato
  • Berenjena = Aubergine ; Eggplant
  • Berro = Cress ; Watercress
  • Brécol = Broccoli
  • Calabacín = Marrow
  • Calabaza = Pumpkin
  • Cebolla = Onion
  • Cebolleta = Chive
  • Col rizada = Kale
  • Col ; berza = Cabbage
  • Coles de Bruselas = Brussel sprouts
  • Coliflor = Cauliflower
  • Endivia = Endive
  • Escarola = Curly endive ; Chicory
  • Espárrago = Asparagus
  • Espinaca = Spinach
  • Guisante = Pea
  • Haba = Broad bean
  • Hortalizas ; Verduras = Vegetables
  • Judia verde = French bean
  • Lechuga = Lettuce
  • Nabo = Turnin
  • Patata =Potato
  • Pepino = Cucumber
  • Perejil = Parsley
  • Pimiento = Pepper
  • Pimiento morrón = Sweet pepper
  • Puerro = Leer
  • Rábano = Radish
  • Rábano picante =Horseradish
  • Remolacha = Beet ; Beetroot
  • Seta ; Hongo = Mushroom
  • Tomate = Tomato
  • Zanahoria = Carrot

10. Seasoning and spices:

  • A las finas hierbas = Cooked with herbs
  • Aceite aromático = Aromatic oil
  • Aceite de girasol = Sunflower oil
  • Aceite de oliva = Olive oil
  • Aceite para cocinar = Cooking oil
  • Ajo = Garlic
  • Albahaca = Basil
  • Aliño = Seasoning
  • Aliño para la ensalada = Salad dressing
  • Anis = Anise ; Aniseed
  • Aromático = Aromatic
  • Aromatizar = To spice; Flavour with herbs (U.K.) ; Flavor with herbs (USA)
  • Azafrán = Saffron
  • Canela = Cinnamon
  • Canela en polvo = Ground cinnamon
  • Canela en rama = Stick cinnamon
  • Cardamomo = Cardamom
  • Catsup(salsa de tomate) = Ketchup
  • Cebollino =Spring onion (U.K.) ; Green onion (USA)
  • Cilantro = Coriander
  • Clavo de olor = Clove
  • Comino = Cumin ; Cumin seed
  • Condimentar = To season
  • Condimento = Condiment
  • Curry = Curry powder
  • Especia = Spice
  • Estragón = Tarragon
  • Guindilla = Chile
  • Hierbaluisa = Lemon verbena
  • Hierbas aromaticas = Aromatic herbs
  • Hojas de laurel = Bay leaves
  • Jengibre = Ginger
  • Laurel = Laurel
  • Mejorana = Marjoram
  • Mostaza = Mustard
  • Mostaza de Dijon = Dijon mustard
  • Mostaza inglesa = English mustard
  • Nuez moscada = Nutmeg
  • Orégano = Oregano
  • Perejil = Parsley
  • Perifollo = Chervil
  • Pimentón dulce = Paprika
  • Romero = Rosemary
  • Salsa =  Sauce
  • Salvia = Sage
  • Sazonar = To flavour
  • Sésamo = Sesamo
  • Tomillo = Thyme
  • Vainilla = Vanilla
  • Vinagre = Vinegar
  • Vinagre aromático = Aromatic vinegar
  • Vinagre de sidra = Cider vinegar
  • Vinagre de vino = Wine vinegar

11. Elaborated Products:

  • Arroz blanco = White rice
  • Arroz hervido = Boiled rice
  • Asado = Roast
  • Asado de cordero = Roast lamb
  • Asado de vaca con pure de patatas = Roast beef with mashed potatoes
  • Bistec con ensalada = Beef steak and salad
  • Bocadillo ; Sandwich = Sandwich
  • Calamares a la romana = Squid rings fried in batter
  • Caldo = Broth
  • Carne asada de vaca ; Rosbif = Roast
  • Carne cocida = Cooked meat
  • Carne de buey cocida y enlatada = Corned beef
  • Carne fría = Cold meat
  • Chuleta de cordero con patatas = Lamb chop and potatoes
  • Cóctel de gambas = Prawn cocktail
  • Conservas alimenticias = Tinned food (U.K.) ; Canned food (USA)
  • Conservas de carne = tinned meat (U.K.) ; Canned meat (USA)
  • Conservas de pescado = Tinned fish (U.K.) ; Canned fish (USA)
  • Conservas de vegetales = Tinned vegetable (U.K.) ; Canned vegetable (USA)
  • Croqueta = Croquette
  • Croqueta de pescado = Fish croquette
  • Croqueta de pollo = Chicken croquette
  • Empanada = Meat pie ; Patty
  • Empanada de ternera = Veal pie
  • Ensaladilla rusa = Russian salad
  • Estofado = Stew
  • Filete con patatas fritas = Steak and chips (U.K.) ; Steak and French fries (USA)
  • Filete de ternera o cerdo ; Bistec = Steak
  • Gambas a la gabardina = Scampi
  • Gambas a la plancha = Grilled shrimps
  • Gambas fritas = Fried Shrimps
  • Hamburguesa = Hamburger
  • Huevo crudo = Raw egg
  • Huevo fresco = Freshly-laid egg ; New laid egg
  • Huevo pasado por agua = Soft-boiled egg
  • Huevos al plato = Fried egg in tomato sauce served with ham and peas
  • Huevos con bacon = Bacon and eggs
  • Huevos duros ; Huevos cocidos = Hard-boiled eggs
  • Huevos escalfados = Poached eggs
  • Huevos revueltos = Scrambled eggs
  • Paella = Paella
  • Patata asada al horno = Baked potato
  • Patatas asadas = Roast potatoes
  • Patatas asadas con piel = Jacket potatoes
  • Patatas bravas =Spicey fried potatoes
  •  Patatas fritas de bolsa = Crisps (U.K.) ; (Potato) chips (USA)
  • Patatas fritas en tiras = Chips (U.K.) ; French fries (USA)
  • Pescado frito con patatas = Fish and chips (U.K.) ; Fish and French fries (USA)
  • Pollo asado = Roast chicken
  • Pure de guisantes = Pea soup
  • Pure de patatas=  Mashed potatoes
  • Sopa = Soup
  • Sopa de sobre = Packet soup
  • Sopa de verduras ; Sopa juliana = Vegetable soup
  • Tortilla = Omelette
  • Tortilla española ; Tortilla de patata = Spanish potato omelette
  • Tortilla francesa = Plain omelette

12. Desserts:

  • Arroz con leche = Rice pudding
  • Azúcar = Sugar
  • Azúcar blanca ; Azúcar blanquilla = White sugar
  • Azúcar de caña = Cane sugar
  • Azúcar en polvo =icing sugar (U.K.) ; Confectioner’s sugar (USA)
  • Azúcar en terrón = sugar lumps
  • Azúcar moreno = Brown sugar
  • Batido = Milk shake
  • Batido de fruta = Fruit shake
  • Bizcocho = Sponge cake
  • Bizcocho borracho = Sponge soaked in wine and syrup
  • Bombón de chocolate = Chocolate ; Cocoa
  • Chocolate blanco = White chocolate
  • Chocolate con leche = Milk chocolate
  • Chocolate negro  =Plain / Dark chocolate
  • Chocolate para beber = Drinking chocolate
  • Compota = Compote ; Preserve
  • Compota de manzanas = Stewed apples
  • Crema catalana =Dessert similar to crème brùlée
  • Crema pastelera = Crème pâtissière ; Custard
  • Crema ; Nata = Cream
  • Dulce = Sweet (U.K.) ; Candy (USA)
  • Dulce de almibar =  Preserved fruit
  • Dulce de membrillo = Quince jelly
  • Flan = Crème caramel
  • Fruta =  Fruit
  • Galleta =Biscuit (U.K.) ; Cookie (USA)
  • Gelatina = Jelly
  • Helado = Ice cream
  • Macedonia de frutas = Fruit salad
  • Mazapán =Marzipan
  • Mermelada =  Jam (U.K.) ; Jelly (USA)
  • Mermelada de albaricoque = Apricot jam / jelly
  • Mermelada de naranja = Marmalade
  • Miel = Honey
  • Nata montada ; Crema batida  =Whipped cream
  • Natilla de huevo =Egg custard
  • Natillas ; Crema inglesa = Custard
  • Pasteles = Pastry
  • Postre = Dessert ; Pudding ; Sweet
  • Tarta ; Pastel dulce = Cake
  • Tarta de frutas = Fruit cake
  • Tarta de manzana = Apple tart
  • Tarta de queso = Cheesecake
  • Turrón = Nougar

————
At the restaurant:

1.general vocabulary
2.Types of restaurant
3.Drinks
4.Cutlery
5.the menu

Frequently asked questions /dialogues
asking for food, wine in a restaurant
reserving a table

1.General vocabulary:

  • Gastronomía = Gastronomy
  • Ingredientes =    Ingredients
  • Camarero = Waiter
  • Servir = To serve
  • Comer = To eat
  • Almuerzo = Lunch
  • Porción = Portion
  • Plato =    Dish
  • Pedir =    To order
  • Comida rápida =    Fast food
  • Hamburguesa = Hamburger
  • Bocadillo = Sandwich

 

2. Types of restaurants:

  • Mesón = Tavern
  • Asador= Carvery
  • Comida rápida = fast food
  • Terraza = Sidewalk café
  • Chiringuito = Beach bar
  • Barbacoa = Barbeque

3. Drinks:

  • Beber = To drink
  • Agua mineral = Mineral water
  • Agua tónica = Tonic water
  • Batido = Milk shake
  • Batido de fruta = Fruit shake
  • Bebida sin alcohol = Non-alcoholic drink
  • Bebidas = Drinks
  • Café = Coffee
  • Café americano = Large black coffee
  • Café con leche = White coffee ; Coffee with milk (U.K.) ; Coffee with cream (USA)
  • Café cortado = Coffee with a dash of milk
  • Café descafeinado = Decaffeinated coffee
  • Café en grano = Coffee beans
  • Café expres = Espresso coffee
  • Café instantáneo ; Café soluble = Instant coffee
  • Café irlandes = Irish coffee
  • Café solo = Black coffee
  • Café torrefacto =Roasted coffee
  • Cerveza  = Beer
  • Cerveza de barril =  Draught beer (U.K.) ; Draft beer (USA)
  • Cerveza embotellada = Bottled beer
  • Cerveza negra = Stout
  • Cerveza rubia =Lager
  • Champán = Champagne
  • Chocolate caliente = Hot chocolate
  • Cóctel = Cocktail
  • Gaseosa ; Limonada = Lemonade
  • Ginebra = Gin
  • Infusión de hierbas = Herbal tea
  • Infusión de manzanilla =Camomile tea
  • Jugo ; Zumo = Juice
  • Leche =  Milk
  • Licor (bebida dulce) =Liqueur
  • Licores = Spirits (U.K.) ; Liquor (USA)
  • Mosto = Grape juice ; Must
  • Naranjada =Orange squash (U.K.) ; Orangeade (USA)
  • Refresco = Soft drink
  • Refresco de cola = Cola
  • Ron =Rum
  • Sidra = Cider
  • Soda = Soda water
  • Té con leche = Tea with milk
  • Té con limón =Tea with lemon
  • Té de menta= Mint tea
  • Tener sed = To be thirsty
  • Una caña de cerveza = A glass of beer ; A pint of beer
  • Vino añejo= Mature wine
  • Vino corriente = Ordinary wine
  • Vino de aguja ; Vino espumoso = Sparkling wine
  • Vino de Jerez = Sherry
  • Vino de la casa = House wine
  • Vino de mesa =  Table wine
  • Vino de Oporto = Port
  • Vino de postre = Dessert wine
  • Vino de reserva = Reserve
  • Vino peleón = Cheap wine
  • Vodka = Vodka
  • Whisky ; Güisqui = Whisky, whiskey
  • Vino =  Wine
  • Vino tinto = Red wine
  • Vino blanco = White wine
  • Vino rosado = Rosé wine
  • Agua = Water
  • Zumo de naranja = Orange juice
  • Zumo de piña = Pinneaple juice
  • Zumo de frutas = Fruit juice

4.The cutlery:

  • Cuchara = Spoon
  • Tenedor    = Fork
  • Servilleta = Napkin
  • Cuchillo = Knife
  • Cucharilla = Coffee spoon
  • Mantel = Tablecloth

5. The menu:

  • Carne = Meat
  • Pescado = Fish
  • Pasta = Pasta
  • Sopa = Soup
  • Postre = Dessert
  • Entremesa,entrante = Starters

Dialogue /frequently asked questions:

¦¿Puedo reservar una mesa para las siete? / Can I book a table for seven o’clock?
¦Querría reservar una mesa para dos a las nueve. / I would like to book a table for two at nine o’clock.
¦¿Tiene alguna mesa para esta noche? / Do you have any tables available for tonight?
¦¿Tiene(n) zona de no fumadores? / Do you have a non-smoking section?
¦¿Sabe(n) ya lo que quiere(n)? / Are you ready to order?
¦¿Qué le(s) gustaría beber? / What would you like to drink?
¦¿Qué le(s) gustaría de entrantes? / What would you like for starters?
¦¿Quiere(n) la carta de vinos? / Would you like the wine list?
¦¿Está incluido el IVA? / Is the VAT included?
¦¿Hay menú del día? / Is there a lunch menu?
¦¿Tiene platos vegetarianos? / Do you have any vegetarian dishes?
¦¿Me puede dar la carta por favor? / Can I have the menu please?
¦¿Me puede dar la cuenta por favor? / Can I have the bill please?
¦¿Puedo pagar con tarjeta? / Can I pay by credit card?
¦De primero quiero… / For starters I’d like…
¦De segundo quiero…/ For the main course I’d like…

Dialogues: Choosing a bar or restaurant.

¦¿Te gusta el vino blanco, Jorge? = Do you like white wine, Jorge?
¦Sí, pero creo que el vino tinto es mejor.= Yes, but I think red wine is better.
¦Y, qué te gusta más, ¿el “Jerez “o el “Rioja”? = And what do you like more: “Jerez” or “Rioja”?
¦A mí gustan los dos. Prefiero beber una copita de Jerez antes de comer y durante la comida prefiero el vino tinto.= I like both. I’d rather drink a glass of Jerez before eating, and during the meal I prefer red whine.
¦Vamos a comer, si pedimos pescado tomamos vino blanco y si pedimos carne tomaremos vino tinto. = Let’s eat, if we order fish we’ll have white wine and if we order meat we’ll have red whine.
¦Aquí hay tres restaurantes, ¿en cuál prefieres entrar? = There are three restaurants here. Where would you rather go?
¦Creo que en este restaurante se come mejor.= I think one eats better in this restaurant.
¦De acuerdo, aquí el pescado es fresco. = All right, the fish is fresh here.

Are you interested in any Course?